Ecological Solutions, Solomon Islands (ESSI)                   





Boseto, D. and P. Pikacha, editors (2015). A Report on Baseline Biodiversity Inventory of Mount Maetambe to Kolobangara River Corridor, Choiseul Island, Solomon Islands. D. Boseto and P. Pikacha. Gizo, Ecological Solutions: 96.

The island of Choiseul in the north Solomon Islands has some of the most diverse forests. The forest has been the target of developers particularly those in search of merchantable round logs. As a result Choiseul Island has seen an alarming rise in deforestation due to extensive industrial logging. Effects of logging, on both wildlife and human society carry negative impacts. Widespread habitat loss, the introduction of pest species, and pollution and the increase of suspended solids and sedimentation of clean streams are but some of these impacts. Socially logging tends to leave behind a long history of animosity between tribes and individuals. Both environmental and social impacts in the long term outweigh the economic benefits of logging.

Conversely Choiseul’s environment is tremendously diverse. For example, Choiseul Island has a total of 92 bird species, the highest for a single island in the country. There are 24 mammals recorded for Choiseul, 25 species of reptiles and 21 species of frogs. Some of the most cryptic mammals (genus Solomys) occur on Choiseul. The freshwater ecosystem is amongst the most diverse in the South Pacific Islands. Eighty species were collected on Choiseul, 28 species of crustaceans and 52 species of fish. With each survey the floral count of Choiseul is increasing. For example, new mangrove species have been added to list for Choiseul.

Boseto, D., and Sirikolo, M. (2010). A Report on the Freshwater Fishes and other fauna Biodiversity of two proposed protected areas on southwest Choiseul Island, Solomon Islands, A Technical Report, WWF, p1-70

Boseto, D (2011), Aquatic fauna survey of the Kovi water catchment, Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands, A Technical Report, Pacific Horizons and Ecological Solutions. 

Pikacha, P., et al. (2011). A Report on the Biodiversity Values of Eagon Pacific Plantations Ltd’s Area of High Biodiversity, South New Georgia, Western Provincei, Solomon Islands. Honiara, Solomon Islands, A Technical Report.

Pikacha, P. and M. Sirikolo (2011). A Report on The Biodiversity of Luqa Land and Surrounding Forests, A Sustainable Forest Managed Site on North New Georgia, Western Province, Solomon Islands, 15-19, December 2010. Honiara, Solomon Islands, A Technical Report, WWF.

Sirikolo, M. and P. Pikacha (2011). Biodiversity Values of the Kovi Watershed and Surrounding Forests, Guadalcanal Island, Pacific Horizons and Ministry of Mines and Energy, Solomon Islands.

Pikacha, P. and M. Sirikolo (2010). A Rapid Biodiversity Assessment of Barekasi Conservation Area, Vella Lavella, Western Province. Honiara, , Solomon Islands, A Technical Report, WWF.

Manioli, J., et al. (2010). Tetepare: The Last Wild Island, Case Study. NCEP Educational Case Studies for Solomon Islands. AMNH, AMNH.

Filardi, C., et al. (2008). "A desk study identifying important bird areas (IBAs) in the Solomon Islands " Revised Edition Prepared for the Solomon Islands Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Meteorology: 1 - 57.

Pikacha, P., et al. (2008). "Project no 700305 Solomon Islands: Distribution, habitat preference, and conservation status of the endemic giant rats Solomys ponceleti and S. salebrosus on Choiseul Island, Solomon Islands, BP Conservation 2005 Award Final Report, Conservation Leadership Program."

Pikacha, P. (2007). "Kuchu Mago Frog Project: Distribution, Abundance, Habitat Preference, and Conservation Status of Native Frogs of The New Georgian Islands, Western Province, Solomon Islands." Report to Ruffords Small Grants for Nature Conservation.

Jenkins, A. and Boseto, D (2007). Freshwater Fishes of Tetepare Island, Western Province, Solomon Islands, Wetlands International: 1-35.


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